There are several different ways to design these accelerators, each with its
benefits and drawbacks. Here's a quick list of the major accelerator design
Accelerators can be arranged to provide collisions of two types:
Fixed target: Shoot a particle at a fixed target.
Colliding beams: Two beams of particles are made to cross each other.
Accelerators are shaped in one of two ways:
Linacs: Linear accelerators,
in which the particle starts at one end and comes out the other.
Synchrotrons: Accelerators built in a circle,
in which the particle goes around and around and around...